mandag den 6. februar 2012

Countdown to India - No. 5

लिङ्गं liṅgaṃ. Vaman Shivram Apte's Sanskrit dictionary provides many definitions:
  • A mark, sign, token, an emblem, a badge, symbol, distinguishing mark, characteristic;
  • A false or unreal mark, a guise, disguise, a deceptive badge;
  • A symptom, mark of disease
  • A means of proof, a proof, evidence
  • In logic, the hetu or middle term in a syllogism
  • The sign of gender or sex
  • Sex
  • The male organ of reproduction
  • In grammar, gender
  • The genital organ of Śiva worshiped in the form of a Phallus
  • The image of a god, an idol
  • One of the relations or indications which serve to fix the meaning of a word in any particular passage
  • In Vedānta philosophy, the subtle frame or body, the indestructible original of the gross or visible body
  • A spot or stain
  • The nominal base, the crude form of a noun
  • In Sāk philosophy, Pradhāna or Prakriti
  • The effect or product of evolution from a primary cause and also as the producer
  • Inference, conclusion